Strong States and Liberty
Published on: April 25, 2008
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  • marina

    Is strong central state with decentralized government can truly guaranty liberty? Wasn’t strong state are also could be dictator too like communism in China?

  • George Wang

    I know how to balance out the central goverment power and the local government power in a a new way. The next step for democracy is to split the election to be 2 steps for up and down. Joining the existing 3 rights, it will become the 5 rights constitution. The first 5 rights constitution was invented by the first Chinese President Mr.Sun one handred year ago in overthrowing Qing Dynasty, but he failed the democracy in that first chinese republic because he did not realized that these 2 extra rights should be used to split election to be election up and down. If these 2 rights are not used in what I said here, it is just some neglectable compensation to the existing 3 rights. Mr. Sun got a very a weak central government with chaos of war and muder, then in the end he generated the mode of chinese communisim party and KMD party to increase the power of central goverment by studying Soviet Union. In the end CCP won to be the present Chinese government.
    China has over 1500 years of politician qulification exam history with the content of ancient chinese philosophy and literature, which can be evolved to be mordern style by adding modern content. Also chinese ancient government had officials that were responsible for criticizing every politician inluding emporer. This is why President Sun thought out 2 extra rights for democracy.
    Now,one right should controled by public citizens, which is used to elect down every level of major official such ad mayor, govenor and president by every 4 years. the election up power should be controled by central government politician qulication exam and the poll of very level of Parliament or board. Cadidates passed the central government exam first, then they were allocated to the place other than his home town for a practicing position. Whenever there is a major official position becomes empty, candidates in that area will be slected by election from the the city hall board, province board or parliament. The central government will the same style. For local government, local citizen will have chance to join the effort of central government to control the local government. Local government official will not be so easily join any group to intensify their own interest also because they come from other area by the order of the central government. And they can be elected down by public. On the other side, they can not be promoted to higher level if they do not care the policy of central government. For the same reason, The central goverment is also formed in this way, it is democracy. Public can elect down the president although they can not elect up a president. Election up is controled by parliament members. If a president is not elect down by public, he can continue another term or appoints his successor. Otherwise, the person supported by the majority of parliament will take the position. so it is a kind of mixing of USA and British democracy style. In addition, every citizen will have the chance to pass the qulification examle ready for a high rank official postiion above county level in theory by less cost than the present election compaign system.

    It should the way of chinese Democracy, which is a mix of western democracy and the chinese ancient and present government style. I guess that it will also be the the future of democracy fo the whole world. Then we can get rid of the chaos when applying democracy in developing country. We were fed up by those chaos stories.

    I am a chinese that salute to Mr.Francis Fukuyama by what you said in this article. I agree with you and I would like to put my cents here for a better world.

    Best Regards

    George Wang
    -Canada

  • George Wang

    Dear Mr. Francis Fukuyama

    After reading your article_Strong States and
    Liberty, I agree with you and I decided to say my
    comment although I am only an electronics engineer in
    Canada. I just hope that this idea can make the world
    better. What I said here can be checked in chinese
    history and democracy history into detail. I put
    comment in your
    blog, but I think that I make many spelling errors
    there.
    I know how to balance out the central government
    power and the local government power in a new way. The
    next step for democracy is to split the election to be
    2 steps for up and down. Joining the existing 3
    rights, it will become the 5 rights constitution. The
    first 5 rights constitution was invented by the first
    Chinese President Mr.Sun one hundred year ago in
    overthrowing Qing Dynasty, but he failed the democracy
    in that first Chinese republic because he did not
    realized that these 2 extra rights should be used to
    split election to be election up and down. If these 2
    rights are not used in what I said here, it is just
    some neglect able compensation to the existing 3
    rights. Mr. Sun got a very a weak central government
    with chaos of war and murder, then in the end he
    generated the mode of Chinese communism party and KMD
    party to increase the power of central government by
    studying Soviet Union. In the end CCP won to be the
    present Chinese government.
    China has over 1500 years of politician qualification
    exam history with the content of ancient Chinese
    philosophy and literature, which can be evolved to be
    modern style by adding modern content. Also Chinese
    ancient government had officials that were responsible
    for criticizing every politician including emperor.
    This is why President Sun thought out 2 extra rights
    for democracy.
    Now, one right should controlled by public citizens,
    which is used to elect down every level of major
    official such ad mayor, governor and president in
    every 4 years. The election up power should be
    controlled by central government politician
    qualification exam and the poll of very level of
    Parliament or board. Candidates passed the central
    government exam first, and then they will be allocated
    to
    the place other than his home town for a practicing
    position. Whenever there is a major official position
    becomes empty, candidates in that area will be
    selected by election from the city hall board,
    province board or parliament. The central government
    will be the same style. For local government, local
    citizen will have the chance to join the effort of
    central
    government to control the local government. Local
    government official will not be so easily join any
    group to intensify their own interest also because
    they come from other area by the order of the central
    government. And they can be elected down by public. On
    the other side, they can not be promoted to higher
    level if they do not care the policy of central
    government. For the same reason, the central
    government is also formed in this way, which is
    democracy. Public can elect down the president
    although they can not elect up a president. Election
    up is controlled by parliament members. If a president
    is not elect down by public, he can continue another
    term or appoints his successor. Otherwise, the person
    supported by the majority of parliament will take the
    position. So it is a kind of mixing of USA and British
    democracy style. In addition, every citizen will have
    the chance to pass the qualification exam ready for
    a high rank official position above county level in
    theory by less cost than the present election campaign
    system.
    It should the way of Chinese Democracy, which is a mix
    of western democracy and the Chinese ancient and
    present government style. I guess that it will also be
    the future of democracy of the whole world. Then we
    can get rid of the chaos when applying democracy in
    developing country. We were fed up by those chaos
    stories.
    I am a Chinese that salute to Mr. Francis Fukuyama by
    what you said in this article. I agree with you and I
    would like to put my cents here for a better world.

    Best Regards
    George Wang
    -Canada

  • Arnold Eyre

    With the “knowledge revolution” in full swing, the world is moving feebly toward a system of noocracies, led by the western democracies, followed by (the few) “benevolent” dictatorships, communist dictatorships and theocracies.

  • viewer

    Democratization in China,

    Well, cultural differences maybe
    improbable to use the American or Anglo democratic develop as the guiding process of Democratization in China.

    The rule of develop a middle class , the middle class will ask for right and civil -Anglo western democracy will follow

    lamentably has not been the Historical rule

    In matter of fact , Middle class did not turn
    Southern European Countries in

    Anglo Western Democracies
    Middle Class economic power did not turn
    pre WWII Japan in stable Anglo democracy

    Middle Class power, did not turn Argentina into a long stable Democratic Power like the Anglo , American model did

    Culture affects the politics and while constitutions, laws can be copied,

    Cultural traditions is a different ball game

    The Anglo tradition of common law. More individualist and less centralized authority , more egalitarian culture , a tradition of thousands of years

    It as powerful as the Cultural tradition in China, Japan and worldwide are.
    And they affect the political attempt to recreate Anglo Western traditions

    In his book Trust , Mr Fukuyama
    offer a great dissection of how the internalization of trust in different societies affect economical, political and public sphere

    According to his study, trust in Asian and African culture tradition is center more in family and less in society that results in
    cultures with strong family ties but corrupt government , families ties trumping other larger spheres of trust so crucial ingredient in Anglo democratic societies .

    And Asian societies have a millenarian tradition of free enterprise , private business acumen and capitalism but it did not
    brought like in the Anglo cultural world
    a Democratic Political Culture

    So History proof that Economic reforms per se
    are not enough,

    Just large middle class and private entrepreneur spirit which in the case of the Chinese culture , it is an undeniable Chinese cultural achievement ,
    Neither education per se
    Which always have been prized in Asian cultures

    does not bring Democracy other ingredients are necessary

    Dissent, Individualism, Trust beyond the family sphere, tradition of Common Law, limited government are the root behind the
    Anglo Democratic achievement.
    Anyone who read the list of Human Right Groups notices that

    Human Rights embody in the original 1948 Chart reflect Anglo Western Concepts
    that for other cultures Human Rights lack the same meaning

    Order, stability and lack of introspective self reflection of flaws in cultural modes

    are the order of the day among the hearts and
    minds of Non Western Cultures be Asians or not
    Maybe for that reason, Overwhelming Chinese support the occupation, annexation of Tibet and racial discrimination and racial sense of superiority among Han Chinese

    While in the Anglo American model the occupation of the Philippines, the racist laws caused pain , moral dissent and disturbance among Americans

    Many felt that if the Filipinos wanted Independence America should give it to them

    In China, due to cultural factors
    Even that Taiwanese and ethnic Tibetans want such independence

    Chinese lack such emphaty toward or desire to
    respect their will

    No Amount of Economic Development or Education can affect a Culture Elements

    Anglo American Western Culture is an unique model as Unique as the Chinese or the Kenya Culture is

    The only way for a worldwide embrace of Anglo American cultural values such as jury independence. empathy toward others , individual freedoms , dissent , check and balance Trust beyond family sphere
    it if such values could be internalized and taught from home to school to culture and the
    only way to do so
    in a absolute fashion is if
    the British Empire have not being dissolved and if Britain or an similar American empire ruled the planet otherwise

    we have the Rainbow and the United Nation mosaic of cultures and as Mr Fukuyama knows
    culture is stronger than any economical force

  • The Chinese government sure has a friend in Francis Fukuyama don’t they?

    Those pussy little protesters at Tiananmen Square just didn’t understand power like you do, did they, Frank?

    What a sorry excuse for a liberal democrat you’ve become.

    Thanks, anyway, Frank. But I think I’ll throw in with the ’89 protesters than buddy up with that totalitarian regime.

    But have fun rationalizing totalitarian rule, Frank. Looks like it suits you.

    I don’t know if I’ll ever read anything you read ever again after what you just wrote today.

  • denis fodor

    Francis Fukuyama wrote:
    >…American liberty is the product of >decentralized government balanced by a >strong central state, one that is capable, >when necessary, of sending the National >Guard to Little Rock to protect the right >of black children to attend school….

    With due respect to Mr. Fukuyama I’m of the feeling that American liberty’s been slipping because of a growing imbalance between “the strong central state”, which has arrogated to itself the right to wage undeclared wars, and “the decentralized state” whose role is more or less limited to distributing to those with connections the contents of the pork barrel. As a result “guided democracy” a la mode chinoise, or russe, is gaining currency and popularity globally.Its solidity is undewritten by the Chinese version of the Nationa Guard, which displayed the central government’s resolve to remain the ultima ratio in Korea against us and on Tianmen against our system.

  • Hi.
    I’m livin in IRAN and actually i just want you to know that i like your sentences and i follow your points. but….
    There is one way for Iranian salvation and its America’s help.
    I say this because i live here and you live in US. I even don’t dare to write my opinion here.
    you know the differents.
    Regards.

  • Hub Galliker

    Hello;

    I read your article on Afghanistan the other day, and was struck that you seem to be distancing yourself for your part in the incredible damage the Bush Admin. has created in out world. In-League with, in my opinion, American Traitors such as Norquist and Podhoretz, you should not be allowed to vanish into the academic background for your crimes against our country.

    I was advised of the fierce patriotism engendered in Americans of Japanese descent by the ghastly imprisonment program in WW2. It may seem to the otherwise-advised mind that you have attempted, in your abbettance to WAR-Crimes by the U.S. Government, that you have “counted-coup” for that outrage. But vengeance is the Lord’s, not yours or mine. I know of Daniel Inouye, and I know of Wesley Narita, for my hometown here.

    They are different than you, sir. The are Americans I can understand and respect.

    The bastards that have subverted MY government under cover the Cheney/Bish Admin. are indeed the enemy within, and you carry that title forever for me, unless they start a new tribunal, similar to the justice meted-out at Nuremburg, so long ago.

    Hub Galliker, having honorably-served.

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