As US Role in Afghanistan Winds Down, Kashmir Winds Up
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  • USNK2

    Kashmir is as much a watershed war as a religious one.
    I await the Afghans deciding it is time to retake Peshawar, which has been a festering sore for Afghans for 200 years.

    • Andrew Allison

      I’m no expert on Kashmir, but https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmir_conflict paints a rather more complex picture than do you, suggesting that the dispute is territorial, with Pakistan citing majority Muslim population as the basis of its claim. Failed as the State of Pakistan so obviously is, the idea of the Afghans deciding to retake Peshawar seems a little far-fetched to me, but I’d be happy to be educated on the topic.

      • USNK2

        Andrew: I do not have a handy reference on the watershed issue on Kashmir, but it seems to be why India keeps refusing to give their part up.
        As for Peshawar? William Dalrymple’s “Return of a King” is a new history of the First Anglo-Afghan War 1838-42.
        I have been studying the history of what is now Af-Pak-India for ten years, but Dalrymple puts Peshawar in perspective. In 1838, Rajit Singh had consolidated his Sikh ’empire’ in the Punjab, and that included Peshawar, which the Afghans wanted back.
        You can also study the Constable HandAtlas of India 1893
        http://books.google.com/books?id=e1ylbAFkgTQC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

        • Andrew Allison

          Thank you for your courteous and informative reply. I appreciate and understand the historical perspective, but must ask how practicable it would be for Afghanistan to seize territory from Pakistan?

          • USNK2

            The border between Pakistan and Afghanistan is the Durand Line, drawn after the Second Anglo-Afghan War to divide the Pashtun tribes that the British could not defeat.
            Afghanistan never really accepted this as the official border.
            In any case, my understanding is that more than three million Afghan refugees still live on the Pakistan side of that border, so I guess history will have to wait and see if Pashtunistan ever emerges as the ‘solution’.
            In the meantime, the Taliban seems to be Pakistan’s way to keep India from influence in Kabul.

            btw, better to find a copy of the Constable HandAtlas of India in a college library, to see why Kashmir is about the watershed. That google edition is unreadable.

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