Bought and Sold: The High Price of the Permanent Campaign

Calculating the costs of U.S. political campaigns over time is no simple task, but it doesn’t take an expert statistician to know that things have gotten out of hand.

Appeared in: Volume 8, Number 6 | Published on: June 12, 2013

Michael Franz is associate professor of government and legal studies at Bowdoin College. He is also co-director of the Wesleyan Media Project, which tracks and codes political ads on local broadcast stations and national cable stations in all 210 media markets in the United States.

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