Brig. Gen. Shlomo Brom (retired) is a senior research associate at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) in Tel Aviv. He was head of Strategic Planning at the IDF’s Planning Branch. Shai Feldman is director of the Crown Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis University and a senior fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He was head of the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University. Shimon Stein is a senior research fellow at INSS in Tel Aviv. He was Israel’s Ambassador to Germany.