Egypt’s state prosecutor today accused former president Mohamed Morsi and thirty four Islamists of a range of crimes including conspiring with foreign groups to commit terrorist acts inside Egypt and divulging military secrets to foreign regimes. The accused could be executed for these crimes. The prosecutor called it “the biggest case of conspiracy in the history of Egypt.”Morsi is already on trial for inciting violent protests while he was still in office. The other accused include top Muslim Brotherhood leaders like Morsi’s national security adviser Essam El-Haddad. Allegedly, Morsi and his Brotherhood allies colluded with Iran, Hamas, Hezbollah, and insurgent groups in the Sinai to prepare a “terrorist plan” to attack targets inside Egypt and establish an “Islamic emirate” in the Sinai. A Brotherhood spokesman called the charges “laughable”; other Brotherhood officials who escaped to England told Buzzfeed that Egypt’s military rulers are using the case “to make an example of Morsi by announcing the most ludicrous charges against him.”These are serious charges against Egypt’s first ever democratically elected president. The Muslim Brotherhood, now banned in Egypt, is a decimated organization. It’s leaders are in jail or exile, many members have been killed in protests or scooped up by the heavy-handed police, and vital links within what remains of the organization are fraying. But there could be consequences.The crackdown has spurred some Egyptian Islamists to revive the teachings of Sayyid Qutb, a Brotherhood leader who was jailed and executed in the 1960s. Qutb’s teachings inspired the Al Qaeda faithful and are now motivating a new generation of Islamists to wage a similar struggle against an oppressive military dictatorship in Cairo. Al-Sisi’s crackdown, if it goes too far, could backfire in the form of an energized, unrestrained Islamist insurgency. So far the generals are winning the fight with the Brotherhood. Whether they can win the war, and what becomes of Egypt in the process, is anyone’s guess.