A group of four respected academics have turned the prevailing wisdom on the source of Pakistani extremism on its head. They surveyed 6,000 Pakistanis in the provinces of Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, and the province formerly known as NWFP, now called Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on their attitudes toward the likes of al Qaeda, the Afghan Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba, and more. Here is what they found:1. Survey participants held negative attitudes toward these extremist groups.2. In the most violent regions and cities in Pakistan, especially in the former NWFP, this dislike was more pronounced.3. Poor Pakistanis dislike extremist groups more than middle-class citizens. To put that another way, middle-class Pakistanis are more sympathetic to terrorist groups than their poorer countrymen. Interesting.4. Poor Pakistanis in urban areas dislike the terrorist groups the most of any income and geographical group in the survey.The urban poor hate the terrorists because terrorist attacks in Pakistan (and elsewhere) tend to occur in urban, poor neighborhoods. Being the target of attacks by your crazy countrymen will not inspire sympathy for the cause — as al-Qaeda in Iraq learned when Sunni Arabs turned from the terrorists to the Americans as they learned more about what terror is and does.