Anyone trying to figure out where Islam will go theologically in the next few decades needs to read Peter Berger’s recent post on historical scholarship and the Koran. The same kind of scholarly studies that forced many Christians and Jews to re-evaluate their understandings of the historical origins of their sacred texts are now moving, cautiously, gingerly and often not from within Muslim-majority countries, to take a hard look at the Koran with the powerful and skeptical tools that have been used on the Bible.Islam has almost as many theological tendencies and movements as Christianity. Besides the Sunni-Shiite divide which is currently drenching much of the Middle East in blood, there are many different tendencies and theological interpretations within each of these schools. Most involve ideas about how to read the Koran, and while non-Muslims cannot say much about what is the correct way to approach the sacred Book at the heart of Islamic faith and doctrine, we can begin to grapple with the different ways Muslims approach the text, and also to think through the implications of these different theological approaches for contemporary politics and policy.With his characteristic lucidity and fair-mindedness. Peter offers readers with little knowledge of this background a good introduction to some of the critical issues to be encountered — and points to some of the common theological problems that both Christianity and Islam share.Read the whole thing. The debates for which Peter provides a good overview and first introduction here are going to shape the kind of world we and our children inhabit.